Date of publication: 2017-09-06 03:23
To make a chart, figure out what criteria you want to focus on in comparing the items. Along the left side of the page, list each of the criteria. Across the top, list the names of the items. You should then have a box per item for each criterion you can fill the boxes in and then survey what you 8767 ve discovered. Here 8767 s an example, this time using three pizza places:
Now that you have a better understanding of the four phases of the Compare & Contrast strategy, take a second look at the student work samples in Figure . Each of the four phases is represented by at least one piece of student work. Can you determine which work samples were developed during which classroom phase?
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Be careful, though—although this thesis is fairly specific and does propose a simple argument (that atmosphere and delivery make the two pizza places different), your instructor will often be looking for a bit more analysis. In this case, the obvious question is 8775 So what? Why should anyone care that Pepper 8767 s and Amante are different in this way? 8776 One might also wonder why the writer chose those two particular pizza places to compare—why not Papa John 8767 s, Dominos, or Pizza Hut? Again, thinking about the context the class provides may help you answer such questions and make a stronger argument. Here 8767 s a revision of the thesis mentioned earlier:
If I had a bit more to say about the items I was comparing/contrasting, I might devote a whole paragraph to how each point relates to each item. For example, I might have a whole paragraph about the clientele at Pepper 8767 s, followed by a whole paragraph about the clientele at Amante then I would move on and do two more paragraphs discussing my next point of comparison/contrast—like the ingredients available at each restaurant.
Comparative thinking is one of our first and most natural forms of thought. When we are infants, one of the first differences we must identify is that between mother and other. Without the ability to make comparisons—to set one object or idea against another and take note of similarities and differences—much of what we call learning would quite literally be impossible.
Discuss the circumstances that led Will to Mr. Tom. Why is Mr. Tom chosen as Will’s guardian? What character traits define Mr. Tom? Does his character evolve over the course of the story? Compare and contrast Mr. Tom with Will’s mother.
Sample thesis statement for compare/contrast paper: While both Facebook and MySpace allow you to meet other users who have similar interests, only MySpace allows you to demonstrate your personal style.
Sample thesis statement for contrast paper: In terms of social networking sites, Facebook focuses on presenting your daily life to others, whereas MySpace allows you to focus more on demonstrating your personal style.
Joanne begins her lesson by saying, “Stop and think about some families that you know. Have you ever noticed how some households are different from your own? Take a moment and jot down some ways in which households are similar and different from one another.”
The thesis of your comparison/contrast paper is very important: it can help you create a focused argument and give your reader a road map so she/he doesn 8767 t get lost in the sea of points you are about to make. As in any paper, you will want to replace vague reports of your general topic (for example, 8775 This paper will compare and contrast two pizza places, 8776 or 8775 Pepper 8767 s and Amante are similar in some ways and different in others, 8776 or 8775 Pepper 8767 s and Amante are similar in many ways, but they have one major difference 8776 ) with something more detailed and specific. For example, you might say, 8775 Pepper 8767 s and Amante have similar prices and ingredients, but their atmospheres and willingness to deliver set them apart. 8776
Joanne now moves her students into the comparison phase by having them work with partners to identify similarities and differences between the two households and then to record those similarities and differences using the Top Hat Organizer (see Figure ).
In the next section, you will be planning your own Compare & Contrast lesson. To prepare, you should do the following things before you move on:
Once you have a list, decide whether there are more similarities or differences between the topics. If there are more similarities, concentrate your paper on comparing. If there are more differences (or if, as in the example above, the differences are simply more interesting), concentrate on contrasting. If there is a balance of similarities and differences, you might concentrate on discussing this balance.
The “hook and bridge” is meant to hook students into the lesson by creating bridges between students' prior knowledge or personal experiences and the content of the lesson. It also focuses students' attention in preparation for the lesson ahead.